Books and Catalogues
Below are books that have been written about or mention the Banisters. There are probably titles that I have missed. If you know of one, please send me a note so I can add it to this bibliography. I maintain a digital library of many of the newspaper articles, academic journals, some books, government records, and miscellaneous materials about the Bannisters listed in this bibliography. Access is provided upon request.
4 from Providence: Bannister, Prophet, Alston, Jennings: Black artists in the Rhode Island social landscape. Providence: Rhode Island College, 1978.
Catalog of an exhibition held at the Edward M. Bannister Gallery, Rhode Island College, October, 1978. Sponsored by the Bannister Gallery and the Rhode Island Black Heritage Society.
Adams, R. L., & Winslow, E. Great Negros Past and Present Portfolio of Prints . Chicago: Afro-American Publishing Company, 1969.
Brief one- or two-page biographies of important persons of African ancestry from ancient to modern times and from many professions including science, education, art, music, and religion. Bannister is discussed.
African American art: 200 years : 40 distinctive voices reveal the breadth of nineteenth and twentieth century art. New York, NY: Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, 2008.
Exhibition coordinator, Michael Rosenfeld; catalogue essays, Jonathan P. Binstock, Lowery Stokes Sims. Catalog of an exhibition held at Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York, Jan. 11-Mar. 15, 2008. Exhibited artists include Edward Bannister.
Published in conjunction with the exhibition in New York at the Bill Hodges Gallery. Includes bibliographical references. Bannister is mentioned in the forward and a short biography appears on page six.
African-American artists - III. New York : Bill Hodges Gallery, 2002.
Includes the works of Charles Alston, Benny Andrews, Edward Bannister, Romare Bearden, John Biggers, Chakaia Booker, Frank Bowling, Eldzier Cortor, Beauford Delaney, Richard Dempsey, David Driskell, Sam Gilliam, Sargent Johnson, Jo Ann Jones, Jacob Lawrence, Norman Lewis, Samella Lewis, Maceo Mitchell and Charles Sebree. Bannister appears on page 8. Includes bibliographical references.
Arnold, John Nelson. Art and Artists in Rhode Island. Providence: Rhode Island School of Design, 1905.
Bannister is referenced on pages 37-41.
Azevedo, Mario J., ed. 2005. Africana Studies: A Survey of Africa and the African Diaspora. N.p.: Carolina Academic Press.
Bearden, Romare, & Harry Henderson. A history of African-American artists: from 1792 to the present. New York: Pantheon Books, 1993. Digital copy available at: archive.org/details/historyofafrican00bear/page/n3/mode/2up
A History of African-American Artists -- written by Romare Bearden with journalist Harry Henderson, who completed the work after Bearden's death in 1988. The book gives an overview of African-American art from the late eighteenth century to the present including the works of Edward M. Bannister.
Bermingham, Peter. American Art In The Barbizon Mood. Washington: Smithsonian Inst. Press, 1975.
Exhibition catalogue. Bannister is mentioned several times.
Billington, Ray, ed. The Journal of Charlotte L. Forten. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1953.
Blatt, Martin, Thomas Brown, and Donald Yacovone. Hope and Glory: Essays on the Legacy of the Fifty-Fourth Massachusetts Regiment. Amherst: University Of Massachusetts Press, 2001.
Bannister's efforts, combined with those of the Boston Colored Ladies’ Sanitary Commission, helped to support the soldiers and their families as they boycotted the pay discrimination for more than a year. This volume brings together the best scholarship on the history of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment. Contributors use the historical record and popular remembrance of the 54th as a lens for examining race and community in the United States. The essays range in time from the mid-nineteenth century to the present and encompass history, literature, art, music, and popular culture. Christiana Bannister was present at the presentation of the colors to the 54th.
Bolden, Tonya. Strong Men Keep Coming: The Book of African American Men. Hoboken: Wiley. 1999.
Washington Post Book World - Spanning four centuries, Strong Men Keep Coming captures the dynamic essence of the black male experience in America, shedding new light on individuals like Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Malcolm X. Her discussion of Edward Bannister begins on page 110.
Booth, Phillips D. “Bannister Paintings,” [Typescript of summary leading up to sale of eight Bannister oil paintings and one charcoal drawing owned by the Providence Art Club to be sold to the Missionary Association Museum Collaborative, through the efforts of its curator, David Driscoll. Along with accompanying correspondence. Providence Art Club, March 1977.
Boston Art Club, Twenty-Third Exhibition of the Boston Art Club, Exhibition Catalogue. Boston: Mills, Knight and Co., 1882.
Brennan, Linda Crotta. Women of the Ocean State: 25 Rhode Island Women You Should Know (America’s Notable Women). Amherst: Apprentice Shop Books, 2013.
Examines the lives of twenty-five famous women from Rhode Island, including Elizabeth Beisel, Anne Hutchinson, Ida Lewis, Jackie Onassis, Princess Red Wing, and Christina Carteaux Bannister: Black businesswoman and community activist.
Britton, Crystal. African-American Art: The Long Struggle. New York: Smithmark, 1996.
The author presents a concise overview of artists and movements that are uniquely American. Britton distills the essence of their subjects with authoritative texts and illustrations. The book includes 107 color plates (mostly full-page and double-page), notes, index. Edward Bannister is included.
Brown, Nikki and Barry M Stentiford. The Jim Crow Encyclopedia. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2008.
This encyclopedia is devoted to the Jim Crow era. The era is captured through more than 275 essays on such areas as law, media, business, politics, employment, religion, education, people, events, culture, the arts, protest, the military, class, housing, sports, and violence as well as through accompanying key primary documents excerpted as side bars. Reference to Bannister can be found on page 43.
Brown, William Wells. "Edward M. Bannister." in The Black Man: His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements. Boston: James Redpath, 1863.
Originally published in 1863, this is a collection of essays of various notable Black people and the extraordinary things they have done to prove that Blacks were not inferior to whites. The author offers a description of Bannister’s early life, living with the Honorable Harris Hatch, a wealthy lawyer after the death of his mother in 1844.
Brownlee, Andrea Barnwell. "The Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art." Seattle : Walter O. Evans Foundation for Art and Literature, 1999.
From the Jacket - "The Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art features a broad selection of outstanding works from this important private collection. Eighty color plates illustrate the aesthetic legacy created by African American artists over more than one hundred fifty years." Lengthy discussion of the collection with multiple references to Bannister. Includes six images of Bannister works: Streamside, 1870, oil on canvas, 14 x 21; Ledge Off Bailey's Beach, 1890, watercolor, 7 1/2 x 10; The Old Homestead, 1895, oil on canvas, 36 1/2 x 56 1/2 ; Landscape, 1897, oil on canvas, 21 x 25; and Summer Twilight, 1899, oil on canvas, 14 x 19 1/2.
Frank Leslie's illustrated historical register of the Centennial Exposition, 1876. New York: Frank Leslie, Publisher, 1876.
A description of Under the Oaks by Bannister is given on page 204.
Burns, Sarah, and John Davis. 2009. American Art to 1900: A Documentary History. Edited by Sarah Burns and John Davis. N.p.: University of California Press.
Along with a broad array of canonical texts, Sarah Burns and John Davis have assembled an astonishing variety of unknown, little known, or undervalued documents to convey the story of American art through the many voices of its contemporary practitioners, consumers, and commentators. Documents referencing Bannister begin on page 602.
Champney , J.W. and F.D. Millet. Massachusetts Artists' Centennial Album, Boston, J.R. Osgood and Company, 1876.
A description of Under the Oaks by Bannister is given on page vi.
Cooks, Bridget. Exhibiting Blackness: African Americans and the American Art Museum. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011. A digital version can be found at: cdn.lbryplayer.xyz/api/v3/streams/free/172626/cfd4e9f3f9409d89f1affb98c8eb111dce1d5b00/6ce4e3
The author offers a critical exploration of the discourse of African American art and culture in American art museums. The author’s goal is to explore the assertions made in the unequal and often contested relationship between African American artists, curators, visitors, and critics in the mainstream art world. Several references to Bannister are made in this context.
Coughtry, Jay. "Work: Surviving Through Labor and Enterprise." Creative Survival: The Providence Black Community in the Nineteenth Century, Providence, The Rhode Island Black Heritage Society, 1983.
Cranston, Timothy and Neil Dunay. We Were Here Too: Selected Stories of Black History in North Kingstown. Scott Valley: CreateSpace, 2015.
“This book is a compendium of essays, stories, and scholarly works which cover a gamut of topics that range from slavery, slave trading and Negro Cloth production to everyday home, hearth, and family. The people you will meet between these pages include freed slaves who went on to do great things, black mariners who sailed the Atlantic during the 19th century, farmers and soldiers, and a remarkable woman whose life spanned 109 years. Their lives, and the lives of countless other black citizens of our community, matter. And that's what this book is really all about - telling a more complete story. Open these pages and share in the tragedy and triumph of the black community in North Kingstown across the centuries." -- back cover. Christiana Bannister is mentioned on page 35.
Daniels, John. In Freedom’s Birthplace; a Study of the Boston Negroes. United Kingdom: Wentworth Press, 2016.
Originally published by Houghton Mifflin in 1914, this work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. Edward Bannister is mentioned on page 451.
Dawson, Charles, “The Negro in Art” in Negro Year Book. Atlanta: Foote and Davies, Inc., G, 1947.
Compiled by the Tuskegee Institute, Department of Records and Research in Alabama. These were encyclopedic and statistical reports compiled by African-American sociologist Monroe N. Work (1866–1945). Division XVIII, The Negro in Art was written by Charles C. Dawson refers to Bannister (page 413) as one of the two most outstanding Negro artists in American history. Sawson also credits Bannister as being instrumental in the founding of RISD.
Dewy, Joseph, "Edward Mitchell Bannister." Great Lives from History: African Americans, Salem Press, 2021
Dover, Cedric. American Negro Art. New York: New York Graphic Society, 1960.
An anthology of Negro American art which the author calls a "picture book of responses to needs, situations, surroundings and ideas," offering a glimpse of the "shape of Negro things to come."
Driskell, David. Two Centuries of Black American Art. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1976.
Organized by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art guest curator David C. Driskell, chairman of the Department of Art at Fisk University and research associate Dr. Leonard Simon.
In 1976 the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) opened Two Centuries of Black American Art as its major exhibition for the American bicentennial year. It was the first comprehensive survey of African American art which, following its premier at LACMA, toured three other major U.S. art institutions. The premise was to acknowledge the work of black artists during the period of 1750 to 1950, whose contributions to American art had largely been neglected. Featuring over 200 works and 63 artists, the show included painting, sculpture, drawing, graphics, crafts and decorative arts.
Driskell, David C. Amistad II, Afro-American Art. Nashville: Dept. of Art, Fisk University, 1975.
Exhibition catalogue with reference to Banister. Exhibition held at Van Vechten Gallery, Fisk University.
Driskell, David C. Hidden heritage : Afro-American art, 1800-1950. San Francisco: The Art Museum Association of America, 1985.
Exhibition catalog of an exhibition held at Bellevue Art Museum, Bellevue, Washington, and at other galleries, Sept. 14, 1985-Jan. 10, 1988.
DuBois Shaw, Gwendolyn. “Landscapes of Labor: Race, Religion, and Rhode Island in the Painting of Edward Mitchell Bannister" in Post-bellum, Pre-Harlem: African American Literature and Culture, 1877-1919 edited by Barbara McCaskill and Caroline Gebhard, 50-73. New York: New York University Press, 2006.
Post-Bellum, Pre-Harlem, Shaw offers fresh perspectives on the literary and cultural achievements of African American men and women during this period of our nation's past. The authors offer both a reappraisal and celebration of African American cultural production during these influential decades. Alongside discussions of political and artistic icons such as Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois, Henry Ossawa Tanner, and James Weldon Johnson are essays revaluing figures such as the writers Paul and Alice Dunbar-Nelson, the New England painter Edward Mitchell Bannister, and Georgia-based activists Lucy Craft Laney and Emmanuel King Love.
DuBois Shaw, Gwendolyn. "Represent : 200 years of African American art in the Philadelphia Museum of Art," Philadelphia, PA, USA : Philadelphia Museum of Art ; New Haven, CT, USA : in association with Yale University Press, 2014.
This publication highlights nearly 150 objects in the collection of the Philadelphia Museum of Art that were created by American artists of African descent. Introduced with an essay by the distinguished scholar Richard J. Powell, the volume includes paintings, sculpture, works on paper, decorative arts, costume and textiles, and photography by some 100 artists including Bannister. "Published on the occasion of the exhibition 'Represent: 200 Years of African American Art, ' Philadelphia Museum of Art, January 10-April 5, 2015"--Title page verso . Detailed discussion of the challenges Black artists faced.
Edward M. Bannister, 1828-1901, Providence Artist. March 23 - April 3, 1966 [Exhibition pamphlet]. Newport, RI: Newport Art Museum, 1990, 4p.
Exhibition pamphlet listing 24 works, with 4 black and white plates, by Bannister. Bibliography on Edward and Christiana Bannister by Daniel Brooks.
Edward M. Bannister: A Rhode Island Master, 1828-1901, September 15 - November 25, 1990 [Exhibition pamphlet]. Newport, RI: Newport Art Museum, 1990, 4p.
Edward Mitchell Bannister: The Barbizon School in Providence, August 1-15, 1965. [Typescript] An Exhibition Sponsored by the Olney Street Baptist Church, the Reverend Paul F. Thompson, Pastor. Providence, RI: 1965, 5p.
Edward Mitchell Bannister; The World of the Artist [Brochure]. A Project of the Family of Man Foundation and Rhode Island Black Heritage Foundation. Providence: 1981, 12p.
The Edward Mitchell Bannister Newsletter [One issue]. 1:1 (Summer 2000).
Emilio, Luis. A Brave Black Regiment: History of the Fifty-Fourth Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry 1863-1865. Boston: Boston Book Company, 1894.
Ferris, W. Henry. The African abroad: or, his evolution in western civilization, tracing his development under Caucasian milieu. New Haven: The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Press, 1913.
Two volume study of the African diaspora — with observations on the “Color Question” and the “Race Question,” by African American author, lecturer, and scholar William Henry Ferris (1873-1941). Bannister is discussed on page 766. Ferris recalls meeting Bannister on Newport Beach in 1892.
Fine, Elsa Honig. The Afro-American Artist: A Search for Identity. New York: Hacker Art Books. 1982.
Provides biographical profiles of African American artists and a historic overview of African American artists' quest for identity. The discussion on Bannister appears in the section Attitudes Towards Art.
Foner, Eric. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation & Reconstruction. New York, Vintage Books. 2006.
Pages 156 - 157 argue that works by Bannister and Edmonia Lewis were the exception to the lack of representation of Blacks in the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.
Fontaine, Marie. Puritans, pioneers and pacesetter: Eight people who shaped Rhode Island. Providence: Old Stone Bank, 1986.
A children’s book written by Marie Fontaine and Janice O'Donnell; illustrations by Bill Morrison. Has a section on Edward Bannister.
Fourteenth Exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, exhibition catalogue. Boston: Alfred Mudge and Son, 1881.
Fowler, Cynthia. Locating American Art. Oxfordshire: Routledge, 2020.
Chapter six is an essay by Traci Costa: Edward Bannister and the Aesthetics of Idealism.
Frank, Lisa Tendrich. Women in the American Civil War. Santa Barbara: Abc-Clio. 2008.
Each essay is an explanation of how women experienced or reacted to the war, which varied depending upon race, economic status, location, or politics, and how, by war's end and the years following, they were afforded new opportunities in American democracy. A chronology integrates women's topics with traditionally discussed Civil War events, and there is an extensive bibliography. Christiana Bannister is the subject of one of the essays.
Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom, A History of Negro Americans. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1967.
Frye, Daniel J. 2001. African American Visual Artists: An Annotated Bibliography of Educational Resource Materials. N.p.: Scarecrow Press.
A guide to resources for use with K-12 students, this selective volume lists substantial, easily accessible resources on African-American visual artists including a limited selection on Banister,
Gates, Henry Lewis and Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, ed. African American Lives. Oxford University Press, 2004.
Biographies of 611 African-Americans, including Bannister, over more than four centuries, of which about 257 were reprinted from the American National Biography.
Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Gene Andrew Jarrett, The New Negro contains more than one hundred canonical and lesser-known essays published between 1892 and 1938 that examine the issues of race and representation in African American culture. Edward Bannister is referred to several times.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. Oxford University Press, 1999.
This Encyclopedia includes a brief mention of Edward M. Bannister.
Gavins, Raymond. Lewis, Edmonia. In The Cambridge Guide to African American History (pp. 166–166), 2015.
"In 1863 she moved to Boston, where the black painter Edward Bannister tutored her. She created a fine marble..."
Gips, Terry. Narratives of African American Art and Identity: The David C. Driskell Collection. San Francisco: Pomegranate, 1998.
This catalog is intended to be an homage to Driskell. The selected works were created from the mid-1800s to the early 1990s and are grouped into historical periods based on the content of the art and what they say about the social, ethnic, and creative roles of the artists. Unique emphasis is placed on the influence of African American art teachers and institutions in fostering the development of black art. Essays by distinguished scholars provide a background to the collection. Bannister is included as part of this background discussion.
Gonzalez, Aston. Visualizing Equality: African American Rights and Visual Culture in the Nineteenth Century. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2020.
The fight for racial equality in the nineteenth century played out not only in marches and political conventions but also in the print and visual culture created and disseminated throughout the United States by African Americans. Advances in visual technologies--daguerreotypes, lithographs, cartes de visite, and steam printing presses--enabled people to see and participate in social reform movements in new ways. African American activists seized these opportunities and produced images that advanced campaigns for black rights. In this book, Aston Gonzalez charts the changing roles of African American visual artists as they helped build the world they envisioned. Edward and Christiana Bannister are referred to extensively.
Goodyear, Frank Henry. American Paintings in the Rhode Island Historical Society. Providence: Rhode Island Historical Society, 1974.
Portraits, landscapes, marines, and miniatures from the Rhode Island Historical Society's collection are included in the publication. Publication includes images of 128 paintings and drawings (mostly in black and white) including Edward Bannister on page 92 with a black and white image of Governor Sprague's White Horse. Book also includes sidebars on the artist’s lives.
Hampton, R Kumasi. The Great Migration: The Evolution of African American Art, 1790-1945. Cincinnati: Taft Museum of Art, 2000.
Exhibit catalog, 35 illustrations including cover plates (27 in color), bibliography, checklist of 49 works. Text by R. Kumasi Hampton. Many lesser-known works from Ohio and Kentucky collections, including numerous women artists. Edward Bannister is included in the exhibition.
Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe. "Edward Mitchell Bannister" in Five Black Artists in Nineteenth-Century America. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1985.
Published on the occasion of an exhibition organized by and shown at the National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution in Washington on 15 January - 7 April 1985. The show included works from Joshua Johnson, Robert Scott Duncanson, Edward Mitchell Bannister, Edmonia Lewis and Henry Ossawa Tanner. The catalog includes an essay by James Oliver Horton, Double Consciousness: Afro-American Identity in the Nineteenth Century.
Hayden, Robert C. African-Americans in Boston: More than 350 Years. Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, 1992.
On page 62 Hayden offers a short biographical paragraph about Bannister.
Hill, Mary Armfield, ed. Endure: The Diaries of Charles Walter Stetson. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1985.
Holland, Juanita. Edward Mitchell Bannister, 1828-1901. New York: Kenkeleba House, 1992.
"Published on occasion of the exhibition ... organized by Kenkeleba House [and] … presented at Kenkeleba Gallery, May 10-June 27, 1992, and at the Whitney Museum of American Art at Champion, November 19, 1992-January 27, 1993" Catalog essay by Juanita Marie Holland. Includes bibliographical references p. 57-60).
Holland, Juanita Marie. The Life and Work of Edward Mitchell Bannister: A Research Chronology and Exhibition Record. New York: Kenkeleba House, 1992.
Holland, Juanita Marie. "Reaching Through the Veil: African-American Artist Edward Mitchell Bannister." in Edward Mitchell Bannister, 1828–1901. New York: Kenkeleba House, 1992.
The essay "Reaching Through The Veil: African-American Artist Edward Mitchell Bannister" by Juanita Marie Holland is part of a catalog that lists 79 works by Bannister and includes a detailed chronology of Bannister’s life. It was published to accompany an exhibition held in Stamford, Connecticut, at the Whitney at Champion on 19 November 1992 to 27 January 1993. A free digital copy is available at: archive.org/details/edwardmitchellba7928bann/mode/2up
Hodges, Graham Russell and Allen Edward Brown, editors. Book of Negroes : African Americans in exile after the American revolution. New York: Fordham University Press, 2021.
Offers a short biography on page 229.